Category Archives: Box2D

QuickBox2D Skinning Examples

I've been trying to finalize the way QuickBox2D skinning works... so that its flexible and so that I only add to the api rather than modifying it. So this post really has two main purposes... the first is to show you lots of skinning examples from complex to simple - and the second is to get feedback... I want suggestions regarding this - one of the reasons that Box2D allows you to manage skinning however you want is because there is no real general purpose solution for all cases. I designed QuickBox2D's skinning based on my needs, but I'd like to refine it... and make it more flexible... so post your comments and complaints ;)

Bug Note

There was a bug in QuickBox2D 1.0 with skinning... I've updated the zip... so that this doesn't break anyone's projects... but I'll also be zipping up QuickBox2D 1.1 and posting it late tonight... However in order to tweak these examples you'll need to download this the new 1.0 zip.

Complex Skinning

Here is a demo showing the kind of stuff I use QuickBox2D for... I use lots of polygon rigid bodies so the skins are never scaled or anything... (I used my unreleased editor to generate the polygon data)

Check out the swf...

Download the fla

Library Skinning

By default QuickBox2D will resize your skins to match your rigid bodies. There are times when this doesn't make sense so I've added a new property to disable this. This demo shows circles that are automatically resized and one circle that has automatic skin resizing turned off (scaleSkin = false).

Here is the swf....

Below is the source... Here is the fla

  1. import com.actionsnippet.qbox.*;
  2. stage.frameRate = 60;
  3. var sim:QuickBox2D = new QuickBox2D(this, {debug:false});
  5. sim.createStageWalls();
  7. // QuickBox2D by default scales library skins
  8. sim.addCircle({x:3, y:3, radius:2, skin:Xcircle});
  9. sim.addCircle({x:6, y:3, radius:0.5, skin:Xcircle});
  10. sim.addCircle({x:18, y:3, radius:1, skin:Xcircle});
  12. // sometimes you may not want this behavior
  13. // here the rays of the ToothSun skin are not part of the
  14. // rigid body...
  15. sim.setDefault({scaleSkin:false});
  16. sim.addCircle({x:12, y:3, radius:73 / 60, skin:ToothSun});
  18. sim.start();
  19. sim.mouseDrag();

DisplayObject Skinning

This feature was requested by a few users. Basically it allows you to lay your DisplayObjects out on the stage... QuickBox2D reads their width, height, x, y and rotation values and adjusts the rigid body accordingly. If you specify width, height or radius in the params object then QuickBox2D will use that value - however currently setting x, y or angle in the params object will simply be ignored... as your basically defeating the purpose of using a DisplayObject skin. You can however set x, y and angle immediately after using one of the QuickBox2D creation methods... but really you should just use a library skin if you intend to set all the properties in ActionScript.

Have a look at the swf...

This source is a bit long so you can download the fla here...

Looking for Feedback

I think those few fla files cover most of the different ways you can do skinning in QuickBox2D. I may elaborate a bit in a future post or in the comments... I'd really appreciate any suggestions people have regarding this, so please post comments if you dislike something or find any bugs...

Also posted in QuickBox2D | Tagged , , , , , | 38 Comments

QuickBox2D Contact Filtering

  1. import com.actionsnippet.qbox.*;
  2. import Box2D.Dynamics.*;
  3. import Box2D.Collision.Shapes.*;
  5. [SWF(width = 800, height = 600, backgroundColor = 0x222222, frameRate=60)]
  7. var sim:QuickBox2D = new QuickBox2D(this, {debug:false});
  9. var box:QuickObject = sim.addBox({x:12, y:16, width:3, height:3, density:0 , groupIndex:-1});
  10. var circle:QuickObject = sim.addCircle({x:5, y:3, radius:0.5, groupIndex:-1});
  12. // add another box to show that Box2D is still working
  13. var littleBox:QuickObject = sim.addBox({x:12, y:3, width:1, height:1});
  15. sim.createStageWalls();
  17. sim.start();
  18. sim.mouseDrag();
  20. var filter:b2ContactFilter = new QuickContactFilter();
  21. QuickContactFilter(filter).addGroupIndexCallback(onGroupNeg1, -1);
  23. function onGroupNeg1(a:b2Shape, b:b2Shape):void{
  24.     //trace("group index -1 had a collision");
  25.     box.userData.alpha = 0.5;
  26.     setTimeout(function():void{ box.userData.alpha = 1 }, 200);
  27. }
  29. sim.w.SetContactFilter(filter);

This snippet answers a question from a recent comment. The question was basically: "Can you detect a collision between two rigid bodies that have the same negative groupIndex?". When you give QuickObjects a negative groupIndex it means that they will not collide with one another. So by default Box2D contacts will not be triggered when these two rigid bodies overlap. In order to determine if these rigid bodies overlap you need to implement a custom b2ContactFilter class. This may sound confusing but its actually very easy. You can take a look at the custom b2ContactFilter class used in this snippet here: - It's important to note that is not yet part of QuickBox2D, so if you want to run this snippet you'll need to download the .as file.

You can check out the swf here...

Also posted in QuickBox2D | Tagged , , , , | 16 Comments

QuickBox2D 3D

  1. import com.actionsnippet.qbox.*;
  2. [SWF(width = 800, height=600, backgroundColor=0x000000, frameRate = 60)]
  4. var main:MovieClip = MovieClip(addChild(new MovieClip()));
  5. main.z = 500;
  6. main.rotationX = -40;
  8. var sim:QuickBox2D = new QuickBox2D(main);
  10. sim.createStageWalls({fillColor:0x1133CC});
  11. sim.setDefault({lineColor:0xFFFFFF, fillColor:0x113355});
  13. for (var i:int = 0; i<30; i++){
  14.     var b:QuickObject = sim.addBox({x:Math.random()*10 + 3, y:Math.random()*10 + 3,
  15.                                     width:0.25 + Math.random()*2, height:0.25 + Math.random()*2});
  16. }
  18. sim.start();
  19. sim.mouseDrag();

This demo shows how you can render your QuickBox2D simulation to somewhere other than the main timeline. In this case, I render to a MovieClip that has altered z and and rotationX properties.

Have a look at the swf...

Also posted in 3D, QuickBox2D | Tagged , , , , , | 2 Comments

QuickBox2D Contacts Part 3

  1. import com.actionsnippet.qbox.*;
  2. import Box2D.Common.Math.*;
  4. [SWF(width = 800, height = 600, backgroundColor = 0x222222, frameRate=60)]
  6. var sim:QuickBox2D = new QuickBox2D(this, {debug:false});
  8. sim.createStageWalls();
  10. var cup:QuickObject = sim.addPoly({x:3, y:13, wireframe:false, density:0,
  11.                                    points:[0,0, .5, 0, .5,3,  2,3,  2,0,  2.5,0, 2.5, 3.5, 0, 3.5, 0,0]});
  12. var deleter:QuickObject = sim.addBox({x:4.251, y: 15.9, width:1.5, height:0.25, fillColor:0xFF0000});
  14. // use a distance joint instead of a group since isCurrentContact
  15. // uses the QuickObject.body property
  16. sim.addJoint({a:cup.body, b:deleter.body, x1:deleter.x, y1:deleter.y+0.5});
  18. var circles:Array = [];
  19. for (var i:int = 0; i<10; i++){
  20.     circles[i] = sim.addCircle({x:8 + i, y:5, radius:0.5});
  21. }
  22. var boxes:Array = [];
  23. for (i = 0; i<10; i++){
  24.     boxes[i] = sim.addBox({x:8.5 + i, y:10, width:0.5, height:0.5});
  25. }
  27. sim.start();
  28. sim.mouseDrag();
  30. var shootVec:b2Vec2 = new b2Vec2(4, -30);
  32. // when circles are dropped in the cup they are destroyed
  33. // when boxes are droppped in the cup their linear velocity is altered
  34. var contacts:QuickContacts = sim.addContactListener();
  35. contacts.addEventListener(QuickContacts.ADD, onAdd);
  36. function onAdd(evt:Event):void{
  37.     for (var i:int = 0; i<circles.length; i++){
  38.         var circ:QuickObject = circles[i];
  39.         if (contacts.isCurrentContact(circ, deleter)){
  40.             // it's ok to destroy QuickObject here because they are only actually
  41.             // destroyed after the timeStep has finished at the end of QuickBox2D's
  42.             // internal loop
  43.             circ.destroy();
  44.         }
  45.      }
  46.      for (i = 0; i<boxes.length; i++){
  47.         var box:QuickObject = boxes[i];
  48.         if (contacts.isCurrentContact(box, deleter)){
  49.             box.body.SetLinearVelocity(shootVec);
  50.         }
  51.      }
  52. }

Note: This snippet requires QuickBox2D 1.0 or greater

Here is another example of using QuickBox2D style contacts. In this example there is a cup with a small red box inside of it. When circles are placed inside the cup they are destroyed. When boxes are placed inside the cup they are shot upward.

Have a look at the swf...

A Note About Creation and Destruction

It's worth noting that in Box2D your not supposed to destroy or create rigid bodies within the listener function for any contact events. QuickBox2D gets around this restriction by flagging the rigid body for destruction and destroying it at the end of QuickBox2D's internal loop. This is not the case with creation of rigid bodies - if you attempt to create a rigid body within one of these listener functions you will get an error. See QuickBox2D Contacts Part 1 for an example of creating rigid bodies when there is a collision.

Also posted in QuickBox2D | Tagged , , , , | 19 Comments