Awhile back I thought it would be interesting to add some quick fake lighting to a personal project of mine - that for lack of a better description is a windows management system.

Here is a screenshot of the windows management system with lighting turned on:

Here is a video of me using the system:

I whipped up this prototype (don’t mind the jQuery)

There are really two keys that make this work. Getting the shadow in place and adjusting the gradient. All we really need is the angle and distance from a given `div` in relation to the “light”:

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let calcAng =function(x, y){
let lightPos = light.position()
let dx = lightPos.left- x;
let dy = lightPos.top- y;return-Math.atan2(dy, dx)/ Math.PI*180;};
let calcDist =function(x, y){
let lightPos = light.position()
let dx = lightPos.left- x;
let dy = lightPos.top- y;return Math.sqrt(dx * dx, dy * dy);};

Standard `atan2` and the pythagorean theorem get us this. Once we have those - we can use them to set our gradient and shadow values:

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// warning (apparently this function is slightly speed coded)
let calcShade =function(x, y){
let angle = calcAng(x, y);
let dist = calcDist(x, y);
let sx = dist * Math.cos(-angle * Math.PI/180)*-1;
let sy = dist * Math.sin(-angle * Math.PI/180)*-1;
sx = Math.min(20, Math.max(sx,-20));
sy = Math.min(20, Math.max(sy,-20));
let blur= Math.min(100, dist);
let hBlur = Math.min(50,blur)*0.5;// consider distance in the eq?return{
bg: `-webkit-linear-gradient(${angle}deg, rgba(0,0,0,0.2), rgba(255,255,255,0.4) ${blur}%)`,
shadow: `${sx}px ${sy}px ${hBlur}px rgba(0,0,0,0.15)`
};};

There are more videos of the windows management system on my youtube channel. Here’s another from a much earlier version of the system.

let rotX =0, rotY =0,
perspective =500,
depth,
currX, currY;// learned something like this at Andries Odendaal's www.wireframe.co.za function point3d(x, y, z){
let cosX = Math.cos(rotX),
cosY = Math.cos(rotY),
sinX = Math.sin(rotX),
sinY = Math.sin(rotY),
posX, posY, posZ;
posZ = z * cosX - x * sinX,
posX = z * sinX + x * cosX,
posY = y * cosY - posZ * sinY,
posZ = y * sinY + posZ * cosY;
depth =1/ (posZ / perspective +1);
currX = posX * depth;
currY = posY * depth;return[ currX, currY, depth ];}

Here’s is an example of it in action:

I’ve used this code many many times, it’s just easy to throw into any language and instantly get 3d points rendered in 2d. Here is a short video of a Java applet from 2003 called “Catch Env” that made use of it:

You’ll notice in that source, that I nested the equation to allow for local and global transformations. It was around that time that I learned the ins and outs of real 2D and 3D matrix transformation math… Ken Perlin’s classfiles from NYU were a real help when I was learning that stuff. I don’t think this was the exact file I was working with, but it was definitely on his site somewhere.

Before all that, during my junior year in college I created a 3d engine based off Odendaal’s code in Director (Lingo). Here is a video of some of the demos for it:

…and here is a strange screenshot from my personal website at the time:

Just an example of a powerful snippet and a gateway to learning matrix transformation math. When I first really dug in to html5 canvas - before WebGL was supported so widely - having this trick up my sleeve was great. As you can see in the below link, I used it more than a few times back then:

Around 2015 I had the idea for a PRNG that would clamp itself and have moments of “smoothness”. When I got around to trying to create such a thing, the result was something I jokingly called the “Hermit Crab Curve”. I also called it the “Shard Curve”.

The equation for the curve defines a radius in polar coordinates:

Where a and d are paramters that control the detail of the curve. o is a rotation and offset value for the angle and s is a scalar. Note the use of rem. The resulting curve is much less interesting if a standard modulo is used in place of a remainder:

The above variable values were found using this interactive version of the equation:

To illustrate how you might use this as a PRNG I created this fork of the above pen: