Category Archives: motion

Fp10 3d Logo

Actionscript:
  1. var container:Sprite = new Sprite();
  2. container.x = stage.stageWidth / 2;
  3. container.y = stage.stageHeight / 2;
  4. addChild(container);
  5.  
  6. var redBox:Sprite = new Sprite();
  7. redBox.graphics.beginFill(0xFF0000);
  8. redBox.graphics.drawRect(-50,-250,100,500);
  9. redBox.rotationZ = 10;
  10. container.addChild(redBox);
  11.  
  12. var logos:Array = []
  13. var elements:Array = [];
  14. elements.push({element:redBox, z:0});
  15.  
  16. // add the logos
  17. for (var i:int = 0; i<6; i++){
  18.     var logoContainer:MovieClip = new MovieClip();
  19.     var logoText:TextField = new TextField();
  20.     logoText.defaultTextFormat = new TextFormat("_sans", 50);
  21.     logoText.text = "LOGO";
  22.     logoText.autoSize = "left";
  23.     logoText.selectable= false;
  24.    
  25.     logoText.x = -logoText.width / 2;
  26.     logoText.y = -logoText.height / 2;
  27.     logoContainer.addChild(logoText);
  28.     logoText.backgroundColor = 0xFFFFFF;
  29.    
  30.     container.addChild(logoContainer);
  31.     logos.push(logoContainer);
  32.     elements.push({element:logoContainer, z:0});
  33. }
  34.  
  35. var ang:Number = -Math.PI / 2;
  36. var rotationSpeed:Number = 0.05;
  37. addEventListener(Event.ENTER_FRAME, onLoop);
  38. function onLoop(evt:Event):void {
  39.    
  40.      var dx:Number = (mouseY - stage.stageHeight / 2) / 10;
  41.      var dy:Number = (mouseX - stage.stageWidth / 2) / 10;
  42.      container.rotationX += (dx - container.rotationX) / 4;
  43.      container.rotationY += (dy - container.rotationY) / 4;
  44.      
  45.      ang += rotationSpeed;
  46.      for (var i:int = 0; i<logos.length; i++){
  47.          var logo:Sprite = logos[i];
  48.          logo.x = 150 * Math.cos(ang + i);
  49.          logo.z = 150 * Math.sin(ang + i);
  50.          logo.alpha = 1 - logo.z / 200;
  51.          logo.rotationY = -Math.atan2(logo.z, logo.x)  / Math.PI * 180  - 90;
  52.      }
  53.      
  54.      // z-sort
  55.      for (i = 0; i<elements.length; i++){
  56.           elements[i].z = elements[i].element.transform.getRelativeMatrix3D(this).position.z;
  57.      }
  58.      
  59.     elements.sortOn("z", Array.NUMERIC | Array.DESCENDING);
  60.     for (i = 0; i<elements.length; i++) {
  61.         container.addChild(elements[i].element);
  62.     }
  63. }

A student of mine was having trouble creating a 3D logo for a client. I created this snippet to help explain how some of the fp10 3D stuff works.... z-sorting etc... The code could be optimized a bit... but it works nicely...


Have a look at the swf...

Also posted in 3D, misc | Tagged , , , | 2 Comments

Bounce Ball Inside a Circle

Actionscript:
  1. package  {
  2.     import flash.display.Shape;
  3.     import flash.display.Sprite;
  4.     import flash.geom.Point;
  5.  
  6.     /**
  7.      * Re: http://board.flashkit.com/board/showthread.php?t=797453
  8.      * @author makc
  9.      * @license WTFPLv2
  10.      */
  11.     public class BouncingBall extends Sprite{
  12.         public function BouncingBall () {
  13.             r = 10;
  14.             ball = new Shape;
  15.             ball.graphics.beginFill (0);
  16.             ball.graphics.drawCircle (0, 0, r);
  17.             addChild (ball);
  18.             v = new Point;
  19.             v.x = Math.random ();
  20.             v.y = Math.random ();
  21.             V = 1 + 20 * Math.random ();
  22.             v.normalize (V);
  23.             R = 200; X = 465 / 2; Y = 465 / 2;
  24.             graphics.lineStyle (0);
  25.             graphics.drawCircle (X, Y, R);
  26.             ball.x = X + 100;
  27.             ball.y = Y - 100;
  28.             addEventListener ("enterFrame", loop);
  29.         }
  30.         private var r:Number;
  31.         private var ball:Shape;
  32.         private var v:Point;
  33.         private var V:Number;
  34.         private var R:Number;
  35.         private var X:Number;
  36.         private var Y:Number;
  37.         private function loop (e:*):void {
  38.             ball.x += v.x;
  39.             ball.y += v.y;
  40.             // R-r vector
  41.             var P:Point = new Point (X - ball.x, Y - ball.y);
  42.             if (P.length> Math.sqrt ((R - r) * (R - r))) {
  43.                 // normalize R-r vector
  44.                 P.normalize (1);
  45.                 // project v onto it
  46.                 var vp:Number = v.x * P.x + v.y * P.y;
  47.                 // subtract projection
  48.                 v.x -= 2 * vp * P.x;
  49.                 v.y -= 2 * vp * P.y;
  50.                 v.normalize (V);
  51.                 // move away from bounding circle
  52.                 P = new Point (X - ball.x, Y - ball.y);
  53.                 while (P.length> Math.sqrt ((R - r) * (R - r))) {
  54.                     ball.x += v.x;
  55.                     ball.y += v.y;
  56.                     P = new Point (X - ball.x, Y - ball.y);
  57.                 }
  58.             }
  59.         }
  60.     }
  61. }

Makc3d said I could choose one of his excellent wonderfl.net pieces and submit it to the contest. This snippet creates a ball that bounces off the inside of a circle. I thought this was a pretty unique way to go about doing this - and found it easy to add gravity and other cool features to it.

Have a look at the swf over at wonderfl....

Some Makc3d links:
>> http://makc3d.wordpress.com/
>>http://code.google.com/p/makc/
>> http://wonderfl.net/user/makc3d

Makc3d elaborated on his code a bit via e-mail. He said that his technique sacrifices accuracy for simplicity... and that if you simplify too much it would be easy to break the code. "e.g. comment out piece of code where it says "move away from bounding circle""...

Here is a picture that Makc3d drew explaining why you need to multiply by 2:

Posted in motion | Tagged , , , | Comments closed

QuickBox2D 1.1 (2 major bug fixes)

Since the release of QuickBox2D 1.0 two bugs were discovered by numerous developers. The first bug was the inability to properly destroy group objects. The second bug was a small memory leak that caused most QuickObjects to remain in memory. Both of these bugs are now resolved.

Download QuickBox2D 1.1

Testing the memory leak. In QuickBox2D 1.0 if you created and destroyed 100s of rigid bodies, the ram would very slowly rise... Sometimes it would get garbage collected, but the memory would never fully be released. I created a simple test to make sure this is fixed in 1.1:

Actionscript:
  1. import com.actionsnippet.qbox.*;
  2.  
  3. var sim:QuickBox2D = new QuickBox2D(this, {debug:false});
  4.  
  5. sim.createStageWalls();
  6.  
  7. var levelParts:Array = [];
  8. const TWO_PI:Number = Math.PI * 2;
  9.  
  10. // destroys and then creates a bunch of rigid bodies
  11. // called every second
  12. buildRandomLevel();
  13. setInterval(buildRandomLevel, 1000);
  14.  
  15. var txt:TextField = TextField(addChild(new TextField()));
  16. txt.x = txt.y = 30;
  17. txt.backgroundColor = 0xFFFFFF;
  18. sim.start();
  19.  
  20. // display amount of ram used, to make sure garbage collection is working
  21. sim.addEventListener(QuickBox2D.STEP, onStep);
  22. function onStep(evt:Event):void{
  23.     txt.text = (System.totalMemory / 100000).toFixed(2) + "mb";
  24. }
  25.  
  26. function buildRandomLevel():void{
  27.     // destroy all rigid bodies
  28.     for (var i:int = 0; i<levelParts.length; i++){
  29.         levelParts[i].destroy();
  30.     }
  31.     levelParts = [];
  32.     // create a bunch of circles and boxes
  33.     for (i = 0; i<16; i++){
  34.         var rad:Number = 0.4 ;
  35.         levelParts.push(sim.addCircle({x:1 + i * rad * 4, y : 2, radius:rad - Math.random()*0.3}));
  36.        
  37.         var rot:Number = Math.random() * TWO_PI;
  38.         levelParts.push(sim.addBox({x:4+Math.random() * i * 2, y:4+Math.random()*i,
  39.                     width:3, height:0.25, angle:rot, density:0}));
  40.     }
  41. }

This snippet creates and destroys a bunch of rigid bodies again and again.... On my macbook 2.6 Ghz intel core duo... the ram runs between 79mb and 112mb. I let it run for 40 minutes and this did not change - it always eventually returned down to 79mb.


Have a look at the swf...

Thanks to all the people who gave feedback that lead to the discover of these bugs.

Also posted in Box2D, QuickBox2D, pixel manipulation | Tagged , , , | 25 Comments

BitmapData Frame Animation (w/ linked list)

Actionscript:
  1. [SWF(width = 100, height = 100)]
  2. var circle:Shape = new Shape();
  3. with(circle.graphics) beginFill(0x000000), drawCircle(20,20,20);
  4.  
  5. var currFrame:Frame;
  6.  
  7. // populate the linked list
  8. generateAnimation();
  9.  
  10. var canvas:BitmapData = new BitmapData(stage.stageWidth,stage.stageHeight,false, 0x000000);
  11. addChild(new Bitmap(canvas));
  12. var loc:Point = new Point(20, 20);
  13.  
  14. addEventListener(Event.ENTER_FRAME, onLoop);
  15. function onLoop(evt:Event):void {
  16.     // clear the canvas
  17.     canvas.fillRect(canvas.rect, 0x000000);
  18.     // draw the current frame
  19.     canvas.copyPixels(currFrame.bitmap, currFrame.bitmap.rect, loc, null, null, true);
  20.     // get the next frame of the animation
  21.     currFrame = currFrame.next;
  22. }
  23.  
  24. // generate and capture 40 bitmaps by altering the colorTransform of the circle shape
  25. function generateAnimation():void{
  26.     var channel:uint = 0;
  27.     var ct:ColorTransform = new ColorTransform();
  28.     var increase:Boolean = true;
  29.     var firstFrame:Frame;
  30.     var pFrame:Frame;
  31.     for (var i:int = 0; i<40; i++){
  32.         if (increase){
  33.            channel += 10;
  34.            if (channel == 200){
  35.               increase = false;  
  36.            }
  37.         }else{
  38.            channel -= 10;
  39.         }
  40.         ct.color = channel <<16 | channel <<8 | channel;
  41.         circle.transform.colorTransform = ct;
  42.         // populate linked list
  43.         currFrame = capture(circle);
  44.         if (pFrame){
  45.            pFrame.next = currFrame;
  46.         }
  47.         if (i == 0){
  48.            firstFrame = currFrame;
  49.         }
  50.         pFrame = currFrame;
  51.     }
  52.     // close the list
  53.     currFrame.next = firstFrame;
  54.     currFrame = firstFrame;
  55. }
  56.  
  57. // create the Frame instance and draw the circle to it
  58. // preserving the colorTransform information
  59. function capture(target:Shape):Frame{
  60.     var frame:Frame = new Frame();
  61.     frame.bitmap = new BitmapData(target.width, target.height, true, 0x00000000);
  62.     frame.bitmap.draw(target, null, target.transform.colorTransform);
  63.     return frame;
  64. }

Requires this little Frame class

Actionscript:
  1. package {
  2.     import flash.display.*;
  3.     final public class Frame{
  4.         public var bitmap:BitmapData;
  5.         public var next:Frame;
  6.     }
  7. }

This is a small test I did today to see how easy it would be to use a circular linked list to loop an animation of bitmaps. I did this because I was thinking about using some animated sprites in conjunction with Utils3D.projectVectors() to do an orthographic 3D demo with lots of animating sprites. In the past I've had up to 7,000 animated sprites running nicely using arrays and copyPixels... figured it would be interesting to try and do the same with a circular linked list.

When compiled, this test simply draws a circle that fades from black to gray and back again... Pretty boring, but I threw it up over at wonderfl anyway... check it out.

I recently saw a few tweets (forget who from) about using the final keyword on linked list nodes... haven't tested it myself but it's supposed to be faster...

Also posted in BitmapData, Data Structures, misc, pixel manipulation | Tagged , , | 1 Comment

Flowing Leaves (optical illusion)


Saw this optical illusion today... figured I'd make a snippet to create a few variations on the illusion...

Actionscript:
  1. [SWF( backgroundColor=0x2E7999, width=780, height = 600) ]
  2.  
  3. var leafNum:Number = 375;
  4. var spacing:Number = 12;
  5. var cols:Number = 25;
  6. var hh:Number = stage.stageHeight / 2;
  7. var hw:Number = stage.stageWidth / 2;
  8.  
  9. for (var i:Number = 0; i<leafNum; i++){
  10.     var leaf:Shape = makeLeaf();
  11.     leaf.scaleX = leaf.scaleY = 0.25;
  12.     leaf.rotation = 90;
  13.     leaf.x = 50 + (i % cols) * (leaf.width + spacing);
  14.     leaf.y = 40 + int(i / cols) * (leaf.height + spacing);
  15.     var dx:Number = leaf.x - hw;
  16.     var dy:Number = leaf.y - hh;
  17.     leaf.rotation = Math.sqrt(dx * dx + dy * dy);
  18. }
  19.  
  20. function makeLeaf():Shape{
  21.     var leaf:Shape = Shape(addChild(new Shape()));
  22.     leaf.graphics.beginFill(0x9DC4D4);
  23.     scaleYcircle(leaf.graphics, 50, .65, false);
  24.     leaf.graphics.endFill();
  25.     leaf.graphics.lineStyle(2, 0x003366, 1, false, "none", CapsStyle.SQUARE, JointStyle.MITER);
  26.     scaleYcircle(leaf.graphics, 50, .65);
  27.     leaf.graphics.lineStyle(2, 0xFFFFFF, 1, false, "none", CapsStyle.SQUARE, JointStyle.MITER);
  28.     scaleYcircle(leaf.graphics, -50, .65);
  29.     return leaf;
  30. }
  31.  
  32.  
  33. // original circle function by senocular (www.senocular.com) from here http://www.actionscript.org/forums/showthread.php3?s=&threadid=30328
  34. // circle that can be scaled on the y axis
  35. function scaleYcircle(g:Graphics, r:Number, s:Number = 1, isHalf:Boolean=true):void {
  36.      
  37.     var c1:Number = r * (Math.SQRT2 - 1);
  38.     var c2:Number = r * Math.SQRT2 / 2;
  39.     var rs:Number = r * s, c1s:Number = c1 * s, c2s:Number = c2 * s;
  40.     var x_r:Number =  -r, y_r:Number = -rs, x_c2:Number =  -c2;
  41.     var y_c2:Number =  -c2s, x_c1:Number =  -c1, y_c1:Number =  -c1s
  42.     g.moveTo(r, 0), g.curveTo(r, c1s, c2, c2s);
  43.     g.curveTo(c1, rs, 0, rs), g.curveTo(x_c1,rs, x_c2, c2s);
  44.     g.curveTo(x_r, c1s, x_r, 0);
  45.     if (!isHalf){
  46.      g.curveTo(x_r,y_c1,x_c2,y_c2);
  47.      g.curveTo(x_c1,y_r,0,y_r), g.curveTo(c1,y_r,c2,y_c2);
  48.      g.curveTo(r,y_c1,r,0);
  49.     }
  50. }

Also posted in Graphics, Math, Vector, misc, pixel manipulation | Tagged , , , | 5 Comments

QuickFRIM

Actionscript:
  1. import com.actionsnippet.animation.*;
  2.  
  3. stage.frameRate = 60.0;
  4.  
  5. // args: main display object, Hz
  6. var frim:QuickFRIM = new QuickFRIM(this, 60.0);
  7.  
  8. // start QuickFRIM internal loop
  9. frim.start();
  10.  
  11. // listen for step and render
  12. frim.addEventListener(QuickFRIM.STEP, onStep);
  13. frim.addEventListener(QuickFRIM.RENDER, onRender);
  14.  
  15. // happes from 0 or more times per frame depending on your framerate and desired Hz
  16. function onStep(evt:Event):void {
  17.      //
  18. }
  19.  
  20. // happens once per frame after all STEP events have
  21. // been dispatched
  22. function onRender(evt:Event):void{
  23.      // number of times a step even was dispatched this frame
  24.      trace(frim.stepsPerFrame);
  25. }

I have been using this QuickFRIM class for the past few days and have been pretty happy with it. Being someone who still occasionally likes to roll their own AS animation... with Zeno's, Hooke's, Polar Coordinates etc... Having a simple solution for frame-rate independent motion is nice... especially for small games... I used to have a more complex technique for this that was significantly harder to maintain. The above is just the basic setup for using the class.

The most important part of the class is the Hz (Hertz) argument in the QuickFRIM constructor. This should be set to how many times you want your step event to be dispatched per second. Usually this would simply be set to your target fps... so if your swf fps is 30, you should probably pass 30 to the QuickFRIM constructor. If you were to have an fps of 30 and pass 60Hz to your constructor... the step event would consistently dispatch 2 times per frame. If you had an Hz of 10 and an fps of 30, your step even would only get triggered every three frames etc...

Here's a demo...

I should note that I spent some time looking at different FRIM implementations online and in the end I found this thread https://developer.playfirst.com/node/860 which my implementation is significantly based upon.

Here's the code for the class
Here you can download a zip of the class

... and here is some very quick documentation
QuickFRIM:

/*
@param main - the main timeline or other DisplayObject
@param hz - Hertz for he timeStep
*/
new QuickFRIM(main:DisplayObject, hz:Number = 60.0)

// dispatched every time a step even occurs
QuickFRIM.STEP

// dispatched after all step events have occurred at the end of the frame
QuickFRIM.RENDER

// start dispatching events
public function start();

// stop dispatching events
public function stop();

// 1.0 / Hertz
public var timeStep:Number;

// total number of time steps that have been dispatched
public var totalTimeSteps:Number=0;

// numer of step events dispatched this frame
public var stepsPerFrame:int=0;

// boolean to disable FRIM
public var disable:Boolean = false;

Posted in motion | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Timebased Animation Idea (FRIM & QuickBox2D)

Actionscript:
  1. import com.actionsnippet.qbox.*;
  2.  
  3. // change the frame rate and test...
  4. stage.frameRate = 60;
  5.  
  6. [SWF(width = 800, height=600)]
  7.  
  8. var sim:QuickBox2D = new QuickBox2D(this);
  9.  
  10.  
  11. var circle:Shape = Shape(addChild(new Shape()));
  12. with(circle.graphics) beginFill(0), drawCircle(0,0,50);
  13. circle.x = 100, circle.y = 100;
  14.  
  15.  
  16. sim.start();
  17.  
  18. var startTime:Number;
  19. // delay the start a bit
  20. setTimeout(function():void {
  21.   startTime = getTimer();
  22.   sim.addEventListener(QuickBox2D.STEP, onTimeStep);
  23. }, 500);
  24.  
  25. function onTimeStep(evt:Event):void{
  26.    
  27.     circle.x += (600 - circle.x) / 12;
  28.    
  29.     if ((600 - circle.x) <1.5){
  30.         trace("frameRate: ", stage.frameRate);
  31.         trace("totalTime: ", getTimer() - startTime +" ms");
  32.         trace("totalTimeSteps: ", sim.totalTimeSteps);
  33.         sim.removeEventListener(QuickBox2D.STEP, onTimeStep);
  34.     }
  35. }

Note: This snippet requires QuickBox2D 1.0 or greater

Really not sure how I didn't think of doing this before last night... I realized that the simple FRIM code inside of QuickBox2D can be used to make any standard frame-based style ActionScript animation time-based. In this snippet I do a simple ease out one liner:

circle.x += (600 - circle.x) / 12;

Code like that on an enterFrame would run at different speeds depending on your framerate. However, if you run it on QuickBox2D's STEP event it runs independent of fram-erate. I'm obviously going to just wrap this up into it's own mini-library separate from QuickBox2D and do a more in depth post about it... but for now, this snippet just traces out the results. These are my results from my macbook pro dual 2.4 intel....

frameRate: 12
totalTime: 1165 ms
totalTimeSteps: 93

frameRate: 24
totalTime: 1162 ms
totalTimeSteps: 93

frameRate: 30
totalTime: 1166 ms
totalTimeSteps: 91

frameRate: 60
totalTime: 1167 ms
totalTimeSteps: 93

frameRate: 120
totalTime: 1168 ms
totalTimeSteps: 91

Anyway... will peel the FRIM code out of QuickBox2D and wrap it up in its own library sometime soon...

Posted in motion | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

drawTriangles() Cubes

Actionscript:
  1. private function addCube(xp:Number, yp:Number, zp:Number, w:Number, h:Number, leng:Number):void{
  2.             var hw:Number = w * 0.5;
  3.             var hh:Number = h * 0.5;
  4.             var hl:Number = leng * 0.5;
  5.             var xA:Number = xp - hw;
  6.             var xB:Number = hw + xp;
  7.             var yA:Number = yp - hh;
  8.             var yB:Number = hh + yp;
  9.             var zA:Number = zp - hl;
  10.             var zB:Number = hl + zp;
  11.             _verts.push(xA, yA, zA,
  12.                         xB, yA, zA,
  13.                         xA, yB, zA,
  14.                         xB, yB, zA,
  15.                         xA, yA, zB,
  16.                         xB, yA, zB,
  17.                         xA, yB, zB,
  18.                         xB, yB, zB);
  19.            
  20.             var index:int = _boxIndex * 8;
  21.             var i0:int = index, i1:int = index + 1, i2:int = index + 2;
  22.             var i3:int = index + 3,  i4:int = index + 4, i5:int = index + 5;
  23.             var i6:int = index + 6, i7:int = index + 7;
  24.             _indices.push(i0, i1, i2,
  25.                           i1, i3, i2,
  26.                           i6, i7, i4,
  27.                           i7, i5, i4,
  28.                           i1, i5, i3,
  29.                           i7, i3, i5,
  30.                           i4, i5, i0,
  31.                           i1, i0, i5,
  32.                           i2, i6, i0,
  33.                           i0, i6, i4,
  34.                           i2, i3, i6,
  35.                           i3, i7, i6);
  36.                          
  37.             _faces.push(new Face(), new Face(), new Face(),
  38.                         new Face(),  new Face(), new Face(),
  39.                         new Face(), new Face(), new Face(),
  40.                         new Face(), new Face(), new Face());
  41.             _uvts.push(Math.random(), Math.random(), 0,
  42.                        Math.random(), Math.random(), 0,
  43.                        Math.random(), Math.random(), 0,
  44.                        Math.random(), Math.random(), 0,
  45.                        Math.random(), Math.random(), 0,
  46.                        Math.random(), Math.random(), 0,
  47.                        Math.random(), Math.random(), 0,
  48.                        Math.random(), Math.random(), 0);
  49.             _boxIndex++;
  50.         }

Lately I've been posting large code snippets... so today I'm highlighting part of a larger snippet - The above code is the heart of a small experiment I created this morning. It sets up a cube for use with drawTraingles().

The rest of the code can be read here:
Cubes3D.as

Have a look at the swf here...


I also put it on wonderfl...

Also posted in 3D, Graphics, Vector, matrix | Tagged , , | 6 Comments

QuickBox2D addTimeStepSequence() Preview

Actionscript:
  1. import com.actionsnippet.qbox.*;
  2.  
  3. [SWF(width = 800, height = 600, backgroundColor = 0xFFFFFF, frameRate=60)]
  4.  
  5. // hide everything for 300 ms
  6. visible = false;
  7. setTimeout(function():void{ visible = true}, 300);
  8.  
  9. var canvas:MovieClip = MovieClip(addChild(new MovieClip()));
  10.  
  11. var sim:QuickBox2D = new QuickBox2D(canvas, {debug:true});
  12.  
  13. sim.setDefault({fillColor:0x666666, lineAlpha:0})
  14. sim.createStageWalls();
  15.  
  16. var boxA:QuickObject = makeLever(6 , 17.5, 9, "right", 0.7);
  17. var circleA:QuickObject = sim.addCircle({x:2, y:3, radius:0.5, mass:4});
  18. sim.addBox({x:15, y:12, width:2, height:0.5, density:0})
  19. var circleB:QuickObject = sim.addCircle({x:16, y:11, radius:0.5, mass:4, friction:0.2, fillColor:0});
  20. sim.addBox({x:20.5, y:12, width:2, height:0.3, angle:-0.6, restitution:4.6, density:0})
  21. var boxB:QuickObject = makeLever(20 , 17.5, 8, "right", 1);
  22. sim.addBox({x:9, y:9, width:2, height:0.5, density:0});
  23. var circleC:QuickObject = sim.addCircle({x:9, y:9, radius:0.5, mass:4, friction:0.2, fillColor:0});
  24. sim.addBox({x:7, y:12, width:2, height:0.5, angle:-0.3, density:0, restitution:2});
  25. sim.addBox({x:3, y:7, width:2, height:0.5, angle:Math.PI/2 - 0.22, density:0, restitution:3});
  26. sim.addBox({x:13, y:15, width:2, height:0.5, density:0, angle:0.3, restitution:1});
  27. sim.addBox({x:25.5, y:7, width:2, height:0.3, angle:-0.2, restitution:0.5, density:0})
  28. sim.addBox({x:26, y:10, width:1, height:1, density:0,restitution:0.3});
  29. sim.addBox({x:25, y:19, width:2, height:0.5, density:0, restitution:3.5, angle:-0.99});
  30. sim.addBox({x:1, y:17, width:0.3, height:2, density:0, angle:-0.15, restitution:0.999});
  31. sim.addBox({x:0.7, y:11, width:0.3, height:2, density:0, angle:-0.19, restitution:20})
  32. sim.addBox({x:0.4, y:11.5, width:1, height:0.3, density:0})
  33.  
  34. function makeLever(xp:Number, yp:Number, boxWidth:Number, dir:String, off:Number=0, hasBox:Boolean=true):QuickObject{
  35.     var angle:Number, xpos:Number, weight:QuickObject
  36.     if (dir == "right"){
  37.         angle = 0.43;
  38.         xpos = xp + boxWidth / 2 - off;
  39.     }else{
  40.         angle = -0.43;
  41.         xpos = xp - boxWidth / 2 + off;
  42.     }
  43.     if (hasBox){
  44.       weight = sim.addBox({x:xpos , y:yp, width:0.5, height:0.5, angle:angle, fillColor:0});
  45.     }
  46.     var plank:QuickObject = sim.addBox({x:xp, y:yp, width:boxWidth, height:0.5, angle:angle});
  47.     var fulcrum:QuickObject = sim.addPoly({x:xp, y:yp, verts:[[0,0, 1,2, -1,2]], density:0})
  48.     sim.addJoint({type:"revolute", a:plank.body, b:fulcrum.body, collideConnected:false});
  49.     return weight;
  50. }
  51.  
  52. sim.start();
  53.  
  54. // new feature, calls a function after a specific number of box2D timeSteps
  55. sim.addTimeStepSequence({time:70, callback:cam, args:[boxA]},
  56.                         {time:150, callback:cam, args:[circleB]},
  57.                         {time:200, callback:cam, args:[boxB, 1.3]},
  58.                         {time:580, callback:cam, args:[circleC]},
  59.                         {time:700, callback:cam, args:[circleC, 1.1]},
  60.                         {time:810, callback:cam, args:[boxB, 1.4]},
  61.                         {time:870, callback:cam, args:[boxB, 3]},
  62.                         {time:890, callback:cam, args:[boxB, 1.1]},
  63.                         {time:1200,callback:cam, args:[boxB, 1]});
  64.  
  65. // set values for matrix pan and zoom
  66. function cam(quickObj:QuickObject, scale:Number=-1):void{
  67.     currQuick = quickObj;
  68.     if (scale != -1){
  69.         scaleDest = scale;
  70.     }
  71. }                                
  72.                
  73. // matrix pan and zoom
  74. var scale:Number = 1;
  75. var scaleDest:Number = 1.2;
  76. var down:Boolean = false;
  77. var dx:Number = 0, dy:Number = 0, time:Number = 0;
  78. var currQuick:QuickObject = circleA;
  79. addEventListener(Event.ENTER_FRAME, onLoop);
  80. function onLoop(evt:Event):void {
  81.    scale += (scaleDest - scale) / 8;
  82.    dx += (currQuick.x*30 - dx) / 8;
  83.    dy += (currQuick.y*30 - dy) / 8;
  84.    // matrix zoom/pan
  85.     var m:Matrix = canvas.transform.matrix;
  86.    m.identity();
  87.    m.translate(-dx,-dy);
  88.    m.scale(scale, scale);
  89.    m.translate(dx,dy);
  90.    canvas.transform.matrix = m;
  91. }

This is a preview of an upcoming feature for the QuickBox2D 1.0 release. It shows how addTimeStepSequence() is going to work. QuickBox2D 1.0 will have an internal timer counting the number of world steps that Box2D has taken. This is really useful for sequencing in conjunction with QuickBox2D's default FRIM (framerate independent motion).

This snippet uses addTimeStepSequence() to move a 2D camera around the simulation (from yesterdays post) - the camera pans and zooms... If you'd like to use addTimeStepSequence() simply replace your QuickBox2D.as file with this updated one:

I plan to release QuickBox2D 1.0 on monday - so I didn't think it made sense to do alpha 110 just for this one change...


Have a look at the swf....

Also posted in Box2D, QuickBox2D | Tagged , , , | 1 Comment

QuickBox2D Vaguely Goldberg-esque

Actionscript:
  1. import com.actionsnippet.qbox.*;
  2. import Box2D.Common.Math.*;
  3. import Box2D.Collision.Shapes.*;
  4.  
  5. [SWF(width = 800, height = 600, backgroundColor = 0xFFFFFF, frameRate=60)]
  6.  
  7. // hide everything for 300 ms
  8. visible = false;
  9. setTimeout(function():void{ visible = true}, 300);
  10.  
  11. var sim:QuickBox2D = new QuickBox2D(this, {debug:false});
  12.  
  13. sim.setDefault({fillColor:0x666666, lineAlpha:0})
  14. sim.createStageWalls();
  15.  
  16. makeLever(6 , 17.5, 9, "right", 0.7);
  17.  
  18. var circleA:QuickObject = sim.addCircle({x:2, y:3, radius:0.5, mass:4});
  19.  
  20. sim.addBox({x:15, y:12, width:2, height:0.5, density:0})
  21.  
  22. sim.addCircle({x:16, y:11, radius:0.5, mass:4, friction:0.2, fillColor:0});
  23.  
  24. sim.addBox({x:20.5, y:12, width:2, height:0.3, angle:-0.6, restitution:4.6, density:0})
  25.  
  26. makeLever(20 , 17.5, 8, "right", 1);
  27.  
  28. sim.addBox({x:9, y:9, width:2, height:0.5, density:0});
  29.  
  30. sim.addCircle({x:9, y:9, radius:0.5, mass:4, friction:0.2, fillColor:0});
  31.  
  32. sim.addBox({x:7, y:12, width:2, height:0.5, angle:-0.3, density:0, restitution:2});
  33.  
  34. sim.addBox({x:3, y:7, width:2, height:0.5, angle:Math.PI/2 - 0.22, density:0, restitution:3});
  35.  
  36. sim.addBox({x:13, y:15, width:2, height:0.5, density:0, angle:0.3, restitution:1});
  37.  
  38. sim.addBox({x:25.5, y:7, width:2, height:0.3, angle:-0.2, restitution:0.5, density:0})
  39.  
  40. sim.addBox({x:26, y:10, width:1, height:1, density:0,restitution:0.3});
  41.  
  42. sim.addBox({x:25, y:19, width:2, height:0.5, density:0, restitution:3.5, angle:-0.99});
  43.  
  44. sim.addBox({x:1, y:17, width:0.3, height:2, density:0, angle:-0.15, restitution:0.999});
  45.  
  46. sim.addBox({x:0.7, y:11, width:0.3, height:2, density:0, angle:-0.19, restitution:20})
  47.  
  48. sim.addBox({x:0.4, y:11.5, width:1, height:0.3, density:0})
  49.  
  50. function makeLever(xp:Number, yp:Number, boxWidth:Number, dir:String, off:Number=0, hasBox:Boolean=true):QuickObject{
  51.     var angle:Number, xpos:Number, weight:QuickObject
  52.     if (dir == "right"){
  53.         angle = 0.43;
  54.         xpos = xp + boxWidth / 2 - off;
  55.     }else{
  56.         angle = -0.43;
  57.         xpos = xp - boxWidth / 2 + off;
  58.     }
  59.    
  60.     if (hasBox){
  61.       weight = sim.addBox({x:xpos , y:yp, width:0.5, height:0.5, angle:angle, fillColor:0});
  62.     }
  63.  
  64.     var plank:QuickObject = sim.addBox({x:xp, y:yp, width:boxWidth, height:0.5, angle:angle});
  65.     var fulcrum:QuickObject = sim.addPoly({x:xp, y:yp, verts:[[0,0, 1,2, -1,2]], density:0})
  66.     sim.addJoint({type:"revolute", a:plank.body, b:fulcrum.body, collideConnected:false});
  67.     return weight;
  68. }
  69.  
  70. sim.start();

Just playing around with QuickBox2D and brainstorming about a few features for the first non-alpha release. If you have any feature suggestions, please feel free to leave them in the comments of this post (see the end of this post for a list features to come in QuickBox2D 1.0).


Have a look at the swf...

Upcoming Features for QuickBox2D
Simplified collision detection - will hopefully be something like hitTest for QuickObject instances.

QuickBox2D.totalTimeSteps - variable that keeps track of how many times b2World.Step() was called - useful for simple sequencing.

QuickBox2D.addTimeStepEvent(callAt:Number, callback:Function) - calls a function when QuickBox2D.totalTimeSteps is equal to the callAt value.

QuickBox2D.stepEvent - an event dispatched every time b2World.Step() is called.

New Renderer [probably not for 1.0 release]
I've been toying with the idea of creating a new renderer for QuickBox2D. Currently all rigid bodies are DisplayObjects... this is great if you plan on skinning all your rigid bodies, but if you just have flat colors it is slower than debug draw - also, debug draw mode could be optimized a good deal. So I may create a simpler, faster renderer that draws to one Graphics instance (like debug draw mode) - but abides by QuickBox2D's simple rendering params like lineColor, fillColor, lineAlpha etc...

I also need to decide how to skin the rest of the joints, currently skins only work for distance joints...

Also posted in Box2D, QuickBox2D | Tagged , , , , | 4 Comments